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Economic activities of Great Zimbabwe PDF

(PDF) The Archaeology of Khami and the Butua State

These economic events have been predominantly driven by the political economy of Zimbabwe. As discussed in section 4, the political environment has been dominated by political goals taking precedence over inclusive economic prosperity. This has been accompanied by high levels of politica Zimbabwe is a developing country within Southern Africa. The spatial economy of Zimbabwe, like that of so many other developing countries, is characterised by an uneven spatial pattern of economic activities. Economic activities and thus development and economic development are very unevenly distributed in the Zimbabwean space economy

Download full-text PDF Read full-text. reflect the balance between the costs and benefits of economic activity within the The mediaeval date for Great Zimbabwe is considered too old for. The economic organization of great Zimbabwe state. The economic activities Trade They practiced both long and short distance trade Externally they traded with Swahili and Arabs They exchanged minerals and their livestock for goods like beads, Chinese ware, beer, Those with more wealth could participate more and it had a political impac

(PDF) Great Zimbabwe World Heritage Site and sustainable

Zimbabwe is the biggest trading partner of South Africa on the continent. Zimbabwe maintained positive economic growth throughout the 1980s (5.0% GDP growth per year) and 1990s (4.3% GDP growth per year). However, the economy declined from 2000: 5% decline in 2000, 8% in 2001, 12% in 2002 and 18% in 2003 Accordingly, the Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery Act of 2001, adopted by the United States Congress (ZIDERA), explicitly states that its adoption was meant to support the people of Zimbabwe in their struggle to effect peaceful, democratic change, achieve broad-based and equitable economic growth and restore the rule of law2 economic decline of Zimbabwe has mainly been caused by poor monetary policies and failure of fiscal policies to control the budget deficit. This research aimed to closely examine some of these policies that the Zimbabwean government implemented, the effects of these policies on economic activity, employment and inflation levels in the country Great Zimbabwe, despite its low population, had exchange relationships with areas in different parts of the world. This finding also debunks the theory that overpopulation led to the eventual decline and collapse of Great Zimbabwe. It is unlikely that the abandonment of Great Zimbabwe was an outcome of the negativ Great Zimbabwe or if a new one had taken over. The various Khami states and chiefdoms were greatly affected by the European arrival in Southern Africa. The Portuguese pursued a policy of divide-and-rule, introducing guns, thus changing the scope of warfare forever. In 1644 the Portuguese participated in a civil war in southwest of Zimbabwe an

Monument, in Zimbabwe's north-eastern district of Nyanga. There have been successive episodes of change mainly in the regional and global political and socio-economic trends over the past two centuries. Coupled with the advent and spread of new religions such as Christianity, and ideas associated with `modernisation`, there hav Zimbabwe benefits from tourism as an economic development tool. The world descended on the Victoria Falls last month, saw, learnt, was celebrated and may have opened the door wider so that no cantankerous foreign forces succeed in any attempt to shut the door again and lock it as an economic embargo against our beloved country The pre-colonial Great Zimbabwe was linked to a wider world including the Near and Far East. Post-colonial Zimbabwe mis-inherited restricted trade links with Europe. It is this commercial over-reliance on Europe that has been our undoing with regards to the current economic sanctions ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Great Zimbabwe state (Kingdom): Political Organisation of the Great Zimbabwe State. The king ruled the state and was helped to rule by his relatives, the Great wives and others selected for exhibiting high levels of allegiance and loyalty. He was the supreme leader and authority in the state Great Zimbabwe University, Faculty of Commerce, Box 1235, Masvingo, Zimbabwe . Abstract: The paper sought to investigate the economic impact of the informal sector in the Zimbabwean economy. It was discovered that the informal sector is very significant in its contribution to the development of the Zimbabwean economy. However the small.

The economic organization of great Zimbabwe statex - The

(b) Describe the economic and [social activities of the people of Great Zimbabwe. (11) (i) Economic activities of Great Zimbabwe Pastoralism. Kept herds of cattle for food -milk-also for lobola, slaughtering at ritual ceremonies; Goats also reared for meat; Crop cultivation. They also grew crops such as sorghum and millet for food and brewing. (i) in pre-colonial Zimbabwe, there was a preferred zone of human settlement, the 'Great Crescent' of population, that offered a relatively prosperous living to its inhabitants, provided that their numbers remained relatively low; (ii) in over 1 200 years of contact with external economies through inter With an economy based on cattle husbandry, crop cultivation, and the trade of gold on the coast of the Indian Ocean, Great Zimbabwe was the heart of a thriving trading empire from the 11th to the 15th centuries. The word zimbabwe, the country's namesake, is a Shona (Bantu) word meaning stone houses. In July 1990 the government released an economic policy statement, Zimbabwe-A Framework for Economic Reform (1991-1995), in which it announced a major policy shift from state-led economic development towards a market based approach. The five year programme was premised on orthodox reform packages prescribed by the IMF, includin

Great Zimbabwe - Free O & A Level Notes & Apps [FOANA

Zimbabwe border in present-day South Africa, and Ingombe Ilede, in present-day Zambia. The impressive stone ruins of Great Zimbabwe, located in south-eastern Zimbabwe, are testament to the power and technological achievements of these more complex societies. This new wealth was built on the development of trade routes, most nota Zimbabwe through its Short Term Emergency Recovery Programme (STERP), identified as an Tourism is a global activity that intertwines economic, environmental, social and cultural elements and the development of tourism usually occurs at national, regional and local levels (Timur, 2003) Zimbabwe, this is a post-independence phenomenon, fuelled by amongst other factors the harsh economic conditions, unemployment (over 90%), corruption (17th on the global corruption index) and poverty (96% prevalence) engulfing the landlocked state. Causes for the concern emanating from panning include soil erosion Botswana has been an economic success since independence in 1966 this was not because of colonialism, but despite it (Acemoglu, Johnson and Robinson, 2003, Leith, 2005, Parsons and Robinson, 2006). Other cases are of course much more ambiguous. Most parts of Africa did not have the types of centralized politica

Succession disputes at Great Zimbabwe led to the rise of ambitious leaders such as Mutota who fled to establish his own state. Population pressure at Great Zimbabwe forced people such as Mutota to move in search of resources including land. The Dande area had fertile soils for Agriculture and watery pastures for livestock Economic activities of Great Zimbabwe State. -Mining. Extraction of iron, gold silver and tin for making some implement like weapons (spears, arrows) and tools ( axes,hoes) -products of mining could be used for trade, tribute and farming. -Pastoralism. Raising of domestic animals for agric and for consumption. -goats,cattle and sheep were raised Find an answer to your question discuss the sustainability of any five economic activities that were practised at Great Zimbabwe parchu6137 parchu6137 2 weeks ago History Secondary School answered Discuss the sustainability of any five economic activities that were practised at Great Zimbabwe 1 See answer parchu6137 is waiting for your help. Within a generation, Mutapa eclipsed Great Zimbabwe as the economic and political power in Zimbabwe. By 1450, the capital and most of the kingdom had been abandoned. The end of the kingdom resulted in a fragmentation of proto-Shona power. Two bases emerged along a north-south axis. In the north, the Kingdom of Mutapa carried on and even. Zimbabwe. Throughout Africa, the end of colonialism and the ushering in of national independence was greeted by most citizens with great joy, hope and expectation of liberty, freedom and the prospects of positive development in the former colonies. African nationalist leader

(PDF) O level study guide for Zimbabwean history upto 1897

Stone Ruins The ruins of this complex of massive stone walls undulate across almost 1,800 acres of present-day southeastern Zimbabwe. Begun during the eleventh century A.D. by Bantu-speaking ancestors of the Shona, Great Zimbabwe was constructed and expanded for more than 300 years in a local style that eschewed rectilinearity for flowing curves. . Neither the first nor the last of some 300. At Great Zimbabwe, the dense scale of building show that the valley and hillside - covering up to 1,800 acres - were crammed with up to 20,000 people around 700 years ago. Half way up the footpath which winds up the hill, there's a hut ex- posed with entrance and shelf where pots were displayed. In this packed steeply sloping terrain, far. finance income generating activities, but rather, enable PWDs to acquire skills of accessing credit to start their own IGAs. Experience shows that NGOs have made a great contribution in poverty alleviation, redressing gender balance, combating environmental degradation and involving the poor, in participatory development (Save The Children Fund. Zimbabwe Research Index, showing a marked increase of 150% from 237 entries submitted from 16 institutions in the 2012-2013 Zimbabwe Research Index. The increase in the number of entries received for the 2014-2015 Zimbabwe Research Index shows that there has been intensification of research activities in Zimbabwe over the past two years

The Economy of Ancient Zimbabwe. During and after the formative period of the Great Zimbabwe state it was primarily dependent on these two farming activities. Great Zimbabwe was also well positioned to control trade routes to the Indian Ocean coast for the export of gold and other resources of the southern plateau Great Zimbabwe was an important commercial and political center. In addition to being in the heart of an extensive commercial and trading network, the site was the center of a powerful political kingdom, which was under a central ruler for about 350 years (1100-1450 AD). The site is estimated to have contained perhaps 18,000 inhabitants, making it one of the largest cities of its day Economic activities of the Mutapa State . The weapons manufactured also contributed to the rise and expansion by facilitating military conquests of weaker groups like the Korekore and Tavara of the Dande and Chidema areas. Agriculture was another economic activity that contributed to the rise and expansion of the state

The Great Zimbabwe ruins have been radio carbon dated to approximately 600 A.D. Historic findings suggest that the ancestors of modern day Shona people built Great Zimbabwe and hundreds of other stone walled sites in Zimbabwe. Bantu-speaking farmers, either Khoisan settlers or Iron Age migrants from the north, were the first occupants of the. Identification. Zimbabwe is named after Great Zimbabwe, the twelfth- to fifteenth-century stone-built capital of the Rozwi Shona dynasty. The name is thought to derive from dzimba dza mabwe (great stone houses) or dzimba waye (esteemed houses). Cultural and religious traditions among the Shona, Ndebele and smaller groups of Tonga, Shangaan.

Performance: The Case of Great Zimbabwe University (GZU) Barbra Mapuranga 1 Maxwell C.C. Musingafi 2* Shupikai Zebron 3 1. Zimbabwe Open University, Disability Studies, Mashonaland East 2. Zimbabwe Open University, Development Studies, Masvingo Regional Campus 3. Zimbabwe Open University, Counselling, Mashonaland West Regional Campus Abstrac informal economy. This current paper presents a comprehensive overview on Employment, Unemployment and Informality in Zimbabwe. It begins by discussing how the colonial legacy still shapes the way informality is viewed, and then introduces some statistical concepts that are useful to analyze the informal economy Overview. After facing an economic crisis exacerbated by the COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic, Zimbabwe's economy is set to rebound by 2.9% in 2021, supported by recovery of agriculture and due to base effects. Expected bumper harvest and continuation of rule-based monetary policy will stabilize food prices and improve food security activities to contain the spread of the pandemic, inadvertently creating a global economic recession. In response to the unprecedented drop in economic activity, governments adopted a series of actions initially comprised of monetary policies aimed at stabilizing financial markets and ensuring the flow of credit Great Zimbabwe was built and had people in it from the 12th to the 15th century. At the highest point of its power and economic prosperity in the 13th and 14th centuries, the. 598 Words. 2 Pages. Satisfactory Essays. Preview. Good Essays. Zimbabwe, the home of Great Zimbabwe and the Victoria Falls. 842 Words

(PDF) Great Zimbabwe in Historical Archaeology

  1. As one of many developing countries, Zimbabwe is facing a variety of differing social and economic problems. Some of the most serious problems are high degree of poverty and unemployment, rampant HIV/ AIDS infection, rapid population growth and migration on a massive scale (Mulat, 2002: 10)
  2. Economic Organization of the Shona. The Shona country enjoyed ample rainfall with fertile soils thus enabling them to engage in the following economic activities; The Shona were mixed farmers who cultivated crops and reared animals. Among the agricultural produce were corn, millet, ground nuts, beans, watermelons, tomatoes, fruits and cabbages
  3. Mutapa Empire. Mutapa Empire (1430 to 1760) was an empire, in present day Zimbabwe, extending to the Mozambique coast. It was the successor kingdom of Great Zimbabwe. The empire was comprised of a Karanga majority speaking population. Contents

How were economic activities at Great Zimbabwe sustainable

Economy - Great zimbabw

  1. Economic activities exist at all levels within a society. Additionally, any activities involving money or the exchange of products or services are economic activities. For instance, running a small business is a great example of economic activity and one you can learn more about at MultipleStreams.org. Employees working in a factory and.
  2. Livestock agriculture (cattle) is one of the country's foremost economic activities. At present Zimbabwe is facing severe socio-economic difficulties including hyper-inflation, negative real interest rates, and a chronic shortage of foreign exchange. Tourism contributes about 5 % of GDP and directly and indirectly employs over 83,000 people
  3. g into economic activities and commits to advancing equal participation in productive sectors; (iii) The indigenisation drive which motivated the development and implementation of the gains will, to a great extent, be meaningfully consolidated under new gender policy provisions. Othe
  4. Zimbabwe was once one of Southern Africa's most vibrant, productive, and resilient countries. However, for close to two decades, the nation has faced a series of political and economic shocks, the roots of which come from decades of poor governance and deeply entrenched and growing levels of corruption

The Zimbabwe mining legacy dates back to medieval Great Zimbabwe. The Munhumutapa Empire had command over and exploited not less than. 4 000 gold and 500 copper mines spread across the country. The milling and purification of gold and copper was carried out close to the extraction sites Great Zimbabwe National Monument - Zimbabwe. Website Category: Ancient sub-Saharan Civilisations Area: 7.2 km 2 Inscribed: 1986. Criteria: (i) a creative masterpiece (iii) cultural tradition (vi) association with belief system. Location and Values: Great Zimbabwe is undoubtedly one of Africa's most impressive monuments. In its hey-day, from about 1300 to 1450, it was the capital of a major.

(PDF) Economic Sanctions: A Panacea to Democracy and Good

  1. The Iron Age in Zimbabwe. Joanna has taught high school social studies both online and in a traditional classroom since 2009, and has a doctorate in Educational Leadership. If you are looking to.
  2. Like many of the other African city-states at the time, Zimbabwe was heavily boosted by the active commerce conducted with inhabitants of the Eurasian continent. For the east African city states, Indian Ocean trade was by far the most significant.
  3. 6.5 A vicious circle has thus evolved since the imposition of sanctions on Zimbabwe. The resultant decline in economic activity emanating from the sanctions has given rise to rising external payment arrears, and high country risk, which in turn, has adverse effects on economic activity. 7. THE MEDIA AS A PENAL TOO
  4. Great Zimbabwe was a majestic ancient stone city that flourished near the modern town of Masvingo from about 1290 to 1450 on the strength of a powerful and organised society. It thrived on the.
  5. Great Zimbabwe, a city-state built on the highland plateau area, existed from around 1300 to 1525. The early Shona created Great Zimbabwe using stones with no mortar. Great Zimbabwe was a predecessor of modern cities, as it included areas for public gatherings, markets, worship, housing and food storage
  6. The resultant population increase, along with surplus trade from the Indian Ocean gold and ivory trade, led to the development of marked social classes and sacred leadership at Mapungubwe. As a result, Mapungubwe was the first indigenous civilisation in southern Africa, predating even Great Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe's economic freedom score is 39.5, making its economy the 174th freest in the 2021 Index. Its overall score has decreased by 3.6 points, primarily because of a decline in monetary freedom economic activity is largely agriculture and has less than 500 people per square mile (Conyers, 2001). The quest for economic space is all that characterized colonial rule in Zimbabwe Through a plethora of restrictive pieces of legislation, the colonial administration in Zimbabwe was able to take advantage of African THE DEMISE OF GREAT ZIMBABWE, - Midlands State University... system collapse or accelerating the socio-economic transformation of the state. show the Mutapa state as the dominant political authority in the southern [Filename: 1299833592Decline of Great Zimbabwe.pdf] - Read File Online - Report Abus

Zimbabwe Culture's spatial features, its strategies for accumulating power and managing resources, and the regional political, social and economic actors to which it was connected. This occurred with the demise of Great Zimbabwe from the second half of the fifteenth century and for much of the sixteenth Main countries for small-scale mining activities are Tanzania (550,000 miners) and Zimbabwe (> 350,000 miners), where more people are involved in the small-scale, rather than in the large- and medium-scale mining industry. All country research reports show, that small-scale mining is a fast rising sector. The figur 3 1 Introduction The global financial crisis of 2007 has cast its long shadow on the economic fortunes of many countries, resulting in what has often been called the 'Great Recession'.1 What started as seemingly isolated turbulence in the sub-prime segment of the US housing market mutate 5 Agricultural development and economic growth Agriculture has been transformed in the past three decades. Output has increased at nearly twice the rate of earlier periods, fueled partly by the developing world's greatly increased capacity to pro-duce food and partly by changes in the developed countries. Above all else, there has been unprece region's economic recovery. This report represents a synthesis of the key findings and recommendations of a regional research project on women's political participation and economic empowerment in countries emerging from conflicts in the Great Lakes region of Africa. The research project, conducted in Burundi

Great Zimbabwe? 7. Analyze the economic and social activities of the people of Great Zimbabwe? 8. Critically evaluate the Arabic and Portuguese written sources referring to Great Zimbabwe and the Mutapa State before 1570. 9. Discuss the archaeological evidence for the Early Iron Age in Zimbabwe. What does the period represent State-by-state guide to economic nexus laws. Economy Details: While the physical presence standard still exists, nexus laws were expanded to include a sales tax obligation based on a certain level of economic activity within the state, including sales revenue, transaction volume, or a combination of both.Like many sales tax laws, economic nexus criteria vary by state and by the type of tax Great Zimbabwe stands as one of the most extensively developed centers in pre-colonial sub-Saharan Africa and stands as a testament to the organization, autonomy, and economic power of the Shona peoples. The site remains a potent symbol not only to the Shona, but for Zimbabweans more broadly This paper investigates whether the rise in the number of informal entrepreneurs in Zimbabwe is linked to economic growth or failed government policies. It argues that for the past 30 years informal economic activities have proliferated at an unprecedented rate as a response to socio-political and economic challenges and thus became a default position, for many to escape debilitating poverty

fluctuations in economic activity. While aggregate credit growth was less pronounced, reflecting slower corporate credit expansion, household indebtedness in the U.S. rose rapidly after 2000, driven largely by increased mortgage financing, with historically low interest rates and financial innovation contributing Economy of Mutapa. In the kingdom of Mutapa they made a living through their economy. The Rulers were able to mine gold from rivers and streams that were found nearby their empire. They traded items like gold, mined iron, salt, copper and tin, soapstone (a soft rock), and ivory. They used gold as a trading item for luxuries like ceramics and. corruption for the South African economy and their implications for the socioeconomic rights of South Africa's poorest citizens. Before explaining that the state could partially reduce those costs it could tackle theif corruption problem effectively, we first briefly outline the types of activities captured by the word corruption Zimbabwe. And I believe that entrepreneurs and businesses started by entrepreneurs are the best means to deliver jobs to our economy. So, Is entrepreneurship the window of opportunity for Zimbabwe. The answer is a resounding YES. Some may say, justifiably, what about FDI, Aid or government spending as the window of opportunity. Briefly

The Economic Decline of Zimbabw

  1. ished political participation by citizens and civil society, and shaped a risk averse and fearful citizenry. The socio-economic challenges are huge and the.
  2. g while communal land and subsistence.
  3. Human activities which are performed in exchange for money or money's worth are called economic activities. In other words, economic activities are those efforts which are undertaken by man to earn Income, Money, Wealth for his life and to secure maximum satisfaction of wants with limited and scarce means
  4. earning and export-oriented economic activities associated with men. The lack of support leads to poor performance and sustainability. But a closer look at sub-Saharan Africa shows that the survival of many countries depends heavily on activities associated with women in the jua kali sector. Furthermore, there are laws that deny women access to.
  5. ing 100 3.7 What night lights reveal about trading across borders 103 3.8 Open skies in Africa 104 3.9 Tradeoffs in an integration trilemma 10
  6. building, nor labour; it is completely canalized into activities of the intermediary type. Its innermost vocation seems to be to keep in the running and be part of the racket (Fanon, 1967). These domestic factors have contributed significantly to the shape of political and economic transitions, in Africa
  7. The economic structure of the kingdom was as simple, though it is equally important to get the emphases and detail right. The funda­ mental, first economic activity was the production of grain. These were mainly the millets, amabele. inyaouti and rapoko. The evidence that * exists strongly suggests that this cultivation was centred in individua

Zimbabwe benefits from tourism as an economic development too

  1. Creating negative economic value. For example, a fishing boat that loses a large net in the ocean such that it adds to the problem of ocean plastic. Overview: Economic Activity. Type. Macroeconomics. Definition. Any action that involves the development, production, transfer or consumption of goods or capital
  2. capital. Although economic progress can improve the status of women, it is also true that a country cannot sustainably develop if its women are left behind (Boserup, 1970). Focusing on women in the provision of credit assistance can achieve more rapid pro-poor economic growth than gender neutral policies (UNIFEM, 2012)
  3. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138 June 2020 I have no disclosures to report. The research did not receive funding from external sources. The views expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research

Pre-colonial Great Zimbabwe vs post-colonial Zimbabwe

The rise of Great Zimbabwe, on the other hand, requires further consideration. The people at Great Zimbabwe and Mapungubwe spoke related forms of the Shona language, but they belonged to separate ethno-historical groups (Huffman, 2007a).The rise of Great Zimbabwe was therefore not a simple transfer of political power; it also involved the incorporation of a new ideology and related practices Resources are likely to be diverted from implementation of SDG-related activities to economic recovery during and following the COVID-19 crisis. For Uganda specifically, the Minister of Finance, Planning and Economic Development (MFPED) provided preliminary assessment on March 20, 2020 of the shortterm impact of the A 'dead economy' Zimbabwe's economic woes are often blamed on its former ruler, Robert Mugabe, who led the nation for nearly four decades, until 2017. He died earlier this year iv Acknowledgements The World Economic and Social Survey is the annual flagship publication on major develop - ment issues prepared by the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat (UN/DESA). The Survey was prepared under the general supervision and direction of Rob Vos, former Director of the Development Policy and Analysis Division (DPAD) of UN

Zimbabwe's hope for a real economic turnaround hangs on the country's ability to solve the ongoing political challenges. Governments have a great deal of power over businesses and many. Zimbabwe has committed itself fully to Agenda 2030. Sustainable development is a core constitutional imperative and an overall strategic objective for the country. Zimbabwe's Constitution guarantees political, civil, economic, social and cultural rights for all citizens. These rights are clearly articulated and provided for in the Bill of. tion of increased economic activity. the while. given the proper environment, one redistribution of economic resources, the facilitation of the smooth operation of a that increases domestic savings could free labor market, and the efficient opera- tion of social institutions. No single enhance economic growth At this time, the city's trade activity declined and the people began to migrate elsewhere. The exact cause of the evacuation remains a puzzle, but many scientists agree that a decline in soil quality and fertility was probably a major factor. The Kingdom of Great Zimbabwe has declined, but the House of Rock still stands

Political Organisation of the Great Zimbabwe State - Free

However as time passed the Zulu began to exploit missionary activity for the education it offered but conversion was still seen as almost treason like (Kiernan 1995:76). As previously mentioned by the turn of the 20th century Zulu society was experiencing a great crisis Compliance does not have to be immediate. Amendments to Zimbabwe's indigenisation laws to open economy to foreign investment. The 12 reserved sectors are: Veritas said a new section of the amended act indigrnisation designed to ensure that in the course of time at least 51 percent of any designated extractive business is owned through an appropriate designated entity a result of multiple crises, including the impact of Cyclone Idai in 2019, the economic crisis, climate-induced drought as well as food shortages. The COVID-19 epidemic has interrupte Zimbabwe's annual consumer price inflation decreased for the sixth consecutive month to 56.3 percent in July of 2021, reaching its lowest level since December of 2018. On a monthly basis, consumer prices slowed to 2.56% compared to 3.9% the previous month. Inflation Rate in Zimbabwe averaged 83.31 percent from 2009 until 2021, reaching an all time high of 837.53 percent in July of 2020 and a. The decline in economic activity and employment in 2020-21 will be determined by the magnitude and the persistence of the shock, the impact of pre-existing crises and vulnerabilities (e.g. conflict and fragility in the Sahel, or locusts in East Africa spreading to other regions) and the response by African governments and businesses

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